HITLER TIMELINE: This second part of this story picks up where we left off on the page Adolf Hitler Timeline. Hitler has returned to Germany after World War I and is about to start his rise into the national spotlight.
Early struggles with the Nazis
Hitler in a car on a propaganda tour of
Germany, 1923. @ Hitler TimelineSteps forward (1920) – Hitler becomes a popular public speaker noted for his passionate tirades against the Treaty of Versailles, the Jews, Marxists and anyone he doesn’t like.
Maladjusted ex-soldiers swell the party's ranks. Hitler becomes the party's propaganda officer and in a speech on February 24 outlines it's "Twenty Five Points". This political manifesto demands the union of all Germans into a greater German Reich, a rejection of the Treaty of Versailles and decrees that no Jew be considered a German. Hitler renames the group the National Socialist German Workers Party (or Nazi Party) and adopts the swastika as its symbol.
Der Führer ( July 29, 1921) – Hitler is voted Führer (leader) of the Nazi Party after a vote of 543 for him and only one against.
Hitler and other Nazi defendants of the treason trial
following the Beer Hall Putsch.
Hitler proclaims a national revolution but support for the idea fizzles overnight and the next day the Nazis march on the center of the city.
A firefight breaks out with the police and sixteen Nazis and three police are killed.
Hitler narrowly escapes serious injury and is arrested. He is put on trial for treason and uses the courtroom floor as a chance to push his nationalist agenda. Newspapers quote him at length he wins support across Germany.
The judges begrudgingly find him guilty and sentence him to five years in Landsberg prison.
There he dictates his thoughts and plans for Germany, which are later to be published as the book Mein Kampf (My Struggle). The book asserts the superiority of the “Aryan” race, denounces the “Jewish Peril” and outlines his wish for more Lebensraum (living space) for the Germans by expanding into Eastern Europe.
Freed (December 1924) – Hitler is released from prison after serving a little over a year of his sentence. Having learned from the mistakes of the Beer Hall Putsch, Hitler sets about gaining power by legal means rather than through force. He then reorganizes the Nazi Party forming the Schutzstaffel or SS as part of the stormtrooper army or SA. Also formed are the Hitler Youth for boys as well as groups for girls and women within the Nazi Party.
Hitler fell in love with his
niece Geli Raubl in country Bavaria.
He settles into a country house in Berchtesgaden in the Bavarian Alps. He meets the daughter of his step sister Angela, the 20-year-old Geli Raubal, and quickly falls in love with her.
But events soon conspire to Bring Hitler down to earth. 1928 the Nazi Party has reached 60,000 members. The Wall Street Crash of 1929 causes panic and fear around the world. The Great Depression has begun and Hitler knows his opportunity had arrived.
On the hustings (1930) - Hitler wages a modern whirlwind campaign to get elected, giving carefuly staged speeches promising work for all, business prosperity and a return to Germany's former glory. In the September 14 elections the Nazis gain 107 votes in the German Reichstag, becoming the country's second-biggest party.
Hitler started a relationship with the 17-year-
old Eva Braunin Munich. The pair were to marry
shortly before commiting suicide at the end of the
war. @ Hitler Timeline Suicide (1931) – Hitler’s niece Geli, who has moved with him back to Munich, becomes increasingly depressed and isolated. The couple have many arguments and Hitler eventually confines her to the apartment when he is away. Around this time Hitler starts seeing another young woman, Eva Braun.
Geli commits suicide in the apartment by shoting herself through the heart with his own pistol on September 18. Hitler is devastated.
Leadership (1932-1933) – Having finally become a German citizen Hitler runs for the preidency against the hugely respected but ageing leader Paul von Hindenburg. The Nazis' slogan promises "Freedom and Bread".
Von Hindenburg wins enough votes in a run-off election to lead the country, but most Germans are starting to accept that the Nazis are the way of the future.
[an error occurred while processing this directive] Hitler strikes a deal to support an ambitious general, Kurt von Schleicher, in his bid for power and new elections were called. By mid-year bloody street battles between Nazis and German communists were common.
In an election on July 31, 1932 the Nazi Party becomes the biggest and most powerful in Germany but Hitler is still denied the country's leading position, the chancellorship. There is a period of backstabbing and political intrigue between Hitler, Schleicher, Chancellor Heinrich Bruening and other top politicians throughout the second half of 1932. Schleicher becomes Chancellor in December, but soon resigns and Hitler is appointed to that position on January 30, 1933.
Fire (February 27, 1933) – The Nazis stage a fire at the German parliament in Berlin, the Reichstag. Hitler claims that communists are behind the arson and the SA and SS arrest, torture and execute thousands of communist supporters.
Hitler and German president Paul von
Hindenburg at Langenau .
Absolute power (1933) - On March 23 the Nazis' "Enabling Act" passes in the Reichstag. This Act was officially called the "Law for Removing the Distress of the People and the Reich" and effectively ended democracy, handing the dictatorship to Hitler.
Almost immediately boycotts of Jewish-owned businesses are enforced and the secret police, or Gestapo, is formed in April. The first mass burnings of books with ideas deemed "ungerman" take place in May.
Purge (June 30 - July 1, 1933) - Hitler stages a purge of the SA "brownshirts" in what's called the Night of the Long Knives. The rowdy Nazi army was starting to become a probem for Hitler. Its soldiers and leader Ernst Röhm saw themselves as part of a socialistic "people's army" genuinely sympathetic to Soviet Russia. This wasn't what Hitler had in mind for Germany. He sends in his SS and dozens of brownshirts, including Röhm, are executed.
The German Army and President Hindenberg hail the purge.
Supreme (August 2, 1934) – President Hindenburg dies. Hitler announces a new "Führer law" to be voted on by the public in a plebicite. All German army officers and soldiers are made to swear a new oath of allegiance to him personally as the Supreme Commander of the Armed Forces.
Hitler wins the plebicite with over 90 per cent of the vote on August 19 officially becomes the Führer of Germany. Hitler proclaims that there "will be no revolution in Germany for the next thousand years."
The page Hitler Timeline was written by S. Anderson, 2010. Last updated 2011.
• Mein Kampf, 1960, (TV series)
• Ruins of the Reich, R.J. Adams, 2007 (TV series)
• The Nazis: A Warning From History, Laurence Rees, 1998
• Hitler: A Biography, Ian Kershaw, 2010
• Adolf Hitler: The Definitive Biography, John Toland, 1991
• Adolf Hitler www.ww2incolor.com
• Baby Hitler German Federal Archive
• Alois Hitler WikiCommons
• Klara Hitler WikiCommons
• Painting by Hitler www.princetonol.com
• Hitler World War I www.historyplace.com
Unless otherwise stated, all photos used on the page Adolf Hitler Timeline are, to our knowledge, in the public domain. If you think otherwise, please let us know.